Fluency Tips from Luckeyfrog Learning

Hello Fans!  If you read on, you will realize Carla is not at "home" today. She's off visiting This Little Piggy Reads to share information about writing, and she's handed off the keyboard to me for the day. I’m Jenny, hopping over from Luckeyfrog’s Lilypad. I’m a reading specialist in Ohio working with grades 2-6, and Carla and I met through a few collaborative reading blogger events. Today we're switching things up and posting on each other's blogs.  If you'd like to check out the other reading and writing posts, the bloggers participating in today's swap are listed at the bottom of my post.

I work with a lot of students who struggle in fluency. Of course, a traditional ORF assessment like DIBELS  or AIMSweb measures fluency as speed- but fluency is so much more than the “pace”—I like to say it’s all about proper PASE!


PASE stands for Pausing, Accuracy, Speed, and Expression. Few students can achieve an appropriate reading speed without proper pausing, strong accuracy, and terrific expression- and those things are hugely important to comprehension!

(Interested in these free fluency bookmarks? Download the preview of my Reach for the Stars Fluency Folder Kit here to get the bookmarks for free!)

One of my favorites to teach is pausing for punctuation.

The first thing I do with my students is to talk about ending marks in punctuation and how we read each one. I like to introduce this skill with a PowerPoint:


It explains each ending punctuation mark with a sample sentence.


Then, it gives an example of what happens when punctuation is not read correctly. I usually model this part for my students (and they find it very funny!).


Finally, I like to let students practice. There’s a slide for this too, which is perfect for leading students to read punctuation together if you have a projector or SmartBoard. I also like to give them a common text with multiple types of punctuation and introduce what I call The Punctuation Dance. You can read more about it on my blog here:

The first time we do the Punctuation Dance, we highlight the end punctuation in our text (usually a poem or short passage that I’ve copied for them).

Later that week, we practice the Punctuation Dance with a book we are reading (no highlighting), and eventually, I can give students differentiated text or use the Punctuation Dance to spice up a sleepy day. (You know those days when your students just need to MOVE? This is a perfect way to get them up and moving while still learning!)

Reading punctuation properly is so important to fluency and to comprehending the text. If you’d like a copy of my PowerPoint presentation for teaching how to read punctuation, you can download a free copy here:


I hope to see you sometime over on my blog.  Thanks for reading!

blog_buttonPS. Thank you, Carla, for letting me trade spaces and borrow your blog today!


  1. I love highlighting punctuation for prosody and fluency. I used it with a fifth grader, and it worked like a charm! I need to remember to do it more with my students who struggle with fluency.

    Reading Toward the Stars

  2. Excellent post, Jenny! I appreciate you visiting!


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